One hundred key pirates control the network
25 January 2011
They number only a hundred or so. Remarkably few, when we consider the massive black hole they generate within the creative industry. A nearly year-long study conducted by a group of researchers from the Carlos III University of Madrid and Institute IMDEA Networks, headed by Rubén Cuevas, a professor at the university’s Telematic Engineering Department, reveals that barely a hundred “key pirates” are responsible for uploading 66% of all illegal files distributed through the BitTorrent protocol, the mass sharing P2P application that accounts for a large part of Internet traffic.
Assistant Professor Cuevas explains that the study was born from a question: “Who is the original source of the content?”, and also “what are their motives and why do they do it?”. The researchers focused their attention on a massively popular protocol (BitTorrent) and on two well-known portals, namely Mininova and The Pirate Bay. From these, they downloaded 55,000 files of all different types, and went on to analyze 40,000 of them in detail. It was an arduous process that took over eight months, and the findings were presented at the close of 2010 at the International Conference on Emerging Network EXperiments and Technologies (CoNEXT).
The results can be summed up in two statements, explains Rubén Cuevas: just a handful of people are responsible for a substantial part of the file sharing structure and they do so for money. “The 40,000 files we analyzed in detail were downloaded 96 million times by 27 million different users. Impressive figures, all the more so when we consider that 66% of these files were posted on-line by just a hundred or so people”.
English and Spanish rule supreme
The hundred-odd pirates that rule the Internet operate through servers outside the country where they “work”, creating a huge thorn in the side of the proposed Spanish ‘Sinde’ Act. “English and Spanish rule this market. In many cases, the on-line pirates upload films or games in both languages, although we have noticed that at least twenty of these major users or user groups specifically upload content in Spanish”, adds Professor Cuevas.
The study conducted by Universidad Carlos III has an unequivocal response to the other key question (why do they do it?): money. “The publishers place themselves at risk in exchange for the economic rewards they reap from the associated advertising”. Some of the users, which the researchers identified through a specific tool, pocket in the region of four thousand dollars a day, although the average for the cases analyzed was closer to four hundred. “We believe that if these users lost their incentive, whether due to slumping revenue from advertising or prohibitively high fines, they would probably cease to offer this kind of content”.
Professor Cuevas’ team also unearthed another interesting finding. 25% of the files analyzed were fakes, meaning they didn’t actually contain the material promised on the search engines or portals such as Mininova. Who uploads these decoys? The research team contends that part comes from “anti-piracy” agencies created by the creative industry to discourage users, who often end up frustrated by the hours and hours they spend downloading fake bits onto their hard drives. The rest, of course, stems from hackers and viruses.
Experts are quick to point out, however, that P2P is a tool that reached its pinnacle by allowing for direct downloads and streaming. The success of Spotify, for example, has meant that many of its fans don’t need to download music from the Internet (or at least download less).
News – ABC Cultura (in Spanish)
FURTHER MEDIA IMPACT OF THE PUBLICATION “IS CONTENT PUBLISHING IN BITTORRENT ALTRUISTIC OR PROFIT DRIVEN?” :
- Newsguide (online news)
A research study identifies who uploads the majority of the content to the P2P piracy networks
- Redorbit.com (online news)
A Research Study Identifies Who Uploads The Majority Of The Content To The P2P Piracy Networks
- ars technica (one of the top technology oriented blogs at international level, together with Slashdot)
25% of files downloaded from The Pirate Bay are fakes
- CadenaSer Madrid Sur (Radio)
Una investigación de la Universidad Carlos III identifica quién sube la mayoría del contenido a las redes de pirateo P2P
¿Quién sube los contenidos a internet?
- Cope-Madrid (Radio)
- elEconomista.es (ecoaula) – Section: Universidades (online news)
Una investigación de la UC3M identifica quién sube la mayoría del contenido a las redes de pirateo P2P
- Blogs-elpais.com –Trending Topics (online news – Blog)
Un estudio español confirma la ‘guerra sucia’ contra el p2p
- ISPreview (online news)
100 Internet Users Responsible for Most Unlawful Copyright P2P File Sharing Content
- meneame (reputed national blog)
Un estudio español confirma la ‘guerra sucia’ contra el p2p
- Siliconnews.es (online news)
Retrato robot del “pirata” cibernético
- TGDaily (online news)
Just 100 users responsible for two-thirds of illegal file sharing
- ABC (online and print news)
Cien grades piratas manejan la red
- Diario crítico de la Sociedad, Cultura y Ocio (online news)
Investigadores de la UC3M identifican quién sube los archivos P2P
- El País digital (online news)
¿Quién sube las películas al BitTorrent?
- Publico (online and print news)
Cien siembran lo que recogen millones
- región digital.com (online news)
Una investigación identifica quién sube la mayoría del contenido a las redes de pirateo P2P
- Slashdot (one of the top technology oriented blogs at international level, together with ars technica)
100 P2P Users Upload 75% of Content 269
100 P2P users do 75 percent of all downloads
- Techradar.com (online news)
100 P2P users responsible for ‘66% of illegal uploads’
- The Wire Report – Canadá (online news)
BitTorrent peer-to-peer content sharing profit-driven, report says
- Thinq.co.uk (online news)
100 P2P pirates do 75 per cent of all downloading
- TVE (Television)
Las asociaciones de internautas estudian llevar al Constitucional la ley Sinde
Asociaciones de internautas proponen que se aparque la Ley Sinde y que se elimine el canon digital
- ALT1040 La Guía del Geek (online news)
Estudio revela como la industria intoxica redes P2P con “fakes”
- Information Week (online news)
100 P2P Users Produce 75% Of Files Downloaded
- ZDNet Australia Live (online news)
100 pirates spread two-thirds of illegal P2P
- La Voz de Galicia (online news)
Cien piratas suben la mayoría de contenidos ilegales a la Red
- Antena3 (Television)
¿Quién está detrás de los contenidos subidos a internet?
- 8 Madrid Sur (Television)
Available in web portal of Cadena Ser-Madrid Sur
Un estudio de la Carlos III descubre el perfil de los que suben contenidos a las redes de pirateo P2P
- Forskning.no (online news)
Fildelerne tjener fett
- Cadena Ser-Madrid (Radio)
Program: Hoy por Hoy
- Cadena Extremadura (Radio)
Program: El sol sale por el oeste
¿Quien gana con la piratería?
Entrevista a Rubén Cuevas
- diario.jurídico.com (legal online news)
Debatiendo la Ley Sinde y sus interrogantes
- bit-tech (British blog)
Entry: BitTorrent Seeders: Driven By Profit?
Comments: BitTorrent Seeders: Driven By Profit?
- BLOGGING laSalle: Technova Barcelona BLOG (National blog)
DEBATIENDO LA ‘LEY SINDE’